There has been a significant increase in the incidence of skin cancer over recent years, and it is the second most common cancer in adolescents and young adults aged 15-29 years. The most serious form of skin cancer is melanoma, which is expected to be diagnosed in about 76,100 persons in 2014, in the USA. According to the Ministry of Health, Turkish Public Health Institute, Cancer Control Department statistics total skin cancer cases was 4019 in 2009. Also While it’s a time to enjoy, it’s also a time to take the necessary precautions against the very real threat of skin cancer Because According to Dr. Nil Celebi Cherukuri, a dermatologist for Geisinger Medical Center in Danville, most types of skin cancer are associated with sun exposure.
Prevention of Skin Cancer- It has been suggested that around 80% of skin cancer cases are preventable with the implementation of Sun protection measures and appropriate behaviors. Social norms, attitudes, and especially the desire to be exposed to the Sun upfront, for example, get a tan are the important predictors for sunscreen. Sun-protection behavior and attitude begin at a young age, therefore, it is important to heighten awareness in adolescents. Individuals, who develop such skills at a young age and more likely to adopt and sustain a healthy lifestyle during the rest of their life. Since children and adolescents are an important target group for skin cancer prevention, developing comprehensive programs including physical, social, and organizational environments that promote UVR protection. Educating young people about Sun safety is strongly recommended.
Sun-protection is just not only necessary on the beach or only at the swimming pool, but applies to all outdoor settings. Behavioural recommendations for the prevention of skin cancer aim to reduce exposure to UVR by limiting the time spent in the Sun, seeking shade particularly during periods of peak UVR, using sunscreen with a Sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher, wearing protective clothing (hat, shirt, pants) and sunglasses, and making Sun safety a regular habit.
Detection of Skin Cancer- Anyone can get skin Cancer, Regardless of your skin colour. That is why it is essential to recognize any abnormalities. While you should talk with your doctor to find out how often you should get your skin examined, you should be familiar with your skin and be able to notice any changes.
Contact your doctor if you find changes such as:
• A mole that changes colour, Texture, Shape, Size
• A skin Growth that gets bigger
• A spot or sore that itches, hurts, Scabs,( not due to known injury)
• An open sore that does not heals in three weeks